Oncology is undergoing a remarkable shift due to advances in cancer research, particularly in immunotherapies like CAR T cell therapy. This therapy manipulates immune cells to target and destroy cancer cells, improving upon conventional treatments. It showcases our growing understanding of cancer biology and its interactions with the immune system, paving the way for efficient, targeted treatments with potential applications beyond cancer. Besides immunotherapies, research has unearthed promising treatments and diagnostic tools, for instance, Olaparib, an oral medication inhibiting the growth of cancer cells in ovarian and breast cancers, and Pafolacianine, a FDA-approved agent that makes cancer lesions visible during surgery. Institutions like Penn Medicine are leading these advancements, prioritizing research excellence and collaboration to facilitate the translation from laboratory discovery to clinical implementation. Thus, the surge in revolutionary therapies and the dedication of researchers worldwide make the future of cancer treatment promising.
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