The ketogenic diet, rich in fats and restricted in carbohydrates, could be a useful yet potentially dangerous tool against cancer. Researchers suggest the diet can slow tumor advancement via ferroptosis, a process that disrupts glucose supplies vital for cancer cells' survival. However, the same diet might worsen cachexia, a cancer-associated extreme weight loss syndrome, possibly causing treatment discontinuation. Adding corticosteroids may fight this weight loss, yet their long-term use has risks, such as metabolic dysfunction and muscle wasting. Furthermore, the ketogenic diet's severe carb limit contradicts general dietary guidelines for cancer prevention, which stress a diet filled with whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans. This highlights the need for further research on the ketogenic diet's potential benefits and pitfalls in cancer treatment, under professional supervision.
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